The OHS Pipe Organ Database

St. Mary's Episcopal Church
Main Street
Northfield, Vermont 05663

OHS Database ID 1031.

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This organ was presented Historic Pipe Organ Award number 412 on 2013-06-28 and received the designation Organ of Historical Significance. An image of the award certificate may be seen here.

OHS Convention Organ, 2013.

Status and Condition

The organ has been altered from the original installation as described here.
The organ is in good condition and in regular use.
We received the most recent update on this organ's state and condition January 7, 2016.

Technical Details

Slider chests. Mechanical key action. Mechanical stop action.

Two manuals. 3 divisions. 20 stops. 20 registers. 13 ranks. Manual compass is 58 notes. Pedal compass is 27 notes.

The organ is in a case at the front of the room. Traditional style console with a removable panel in front of keyboards. The organ has an attached keydesk.

Drawknobs in vertical rows on flat jambs. Trigger/hitch-down swell. Combination Action: Fixed mechanical system. Flat straight pedalboard.


  • Relocated from its original home and installed here in 1892. [T 2:2:9 shows a 2-15, c. 1845 Stevens for sale from the Episcopal Church in Northfield, VT. An error for this organ?] (OHS PC Database. October 30, 2004)
  • From notes by E.A. Boadway, 1998: -- The recessed keydesk is finished in mahogany and rosewood veneers, and the speaking case pipes include six basses of the Great 4' Principal in the end flats, and some of the Open Diapason, which has eleven offset open wood basses inside the case. The original stop labels are all missing and are to be replaced. (Database Manager. Unknown)
  • Chronology from E.A. Boadway, 1998: --
    ca. 1835
    The organ was built by E. & G.G. Hook of Boston for a now-unknown church [Editor's note: See below for correction], and was altered later in the 19th century, by the addition of the two Swell Bass stops and a 16' Sub Bass of 25 notes. There were originally no Pedal pipes, and the Swell bass notes were probably permanently connected to the Great keys.

    Replacing an 1858 one-manual Nutting organ in the rear gallery, the Hook was moved to Northfield by Harlan P. Seaver of Springfield, Mass., in December, 1892. The installation cost just $550, plus $175 for the enlargement of the building. An 8' Trumpet or Cremona of Tenor G compass was replaced with an 8' Melodia of Tenor C compass, and the Swell 8' Viol and 8' Hautboy are of late 19th century pipes.

    A. David Hoore of North Pomfret, Vt., partially renovated the organ, and the work included altering the bellows, stripping the dark finish from the mahogany case veneer, replacing the once-gilded case pipes, adding two notes to the Pedal stop, installing·a Swell to Pedal Coupler, and replacing the Melodia with a full compass Cremona.

    Watersmith Pipe Organs of Enfield, N.H., lowered the Pedal keys into a recess in the floor, making the organ much more comfortable to play. (Database Manager. July 21, 2012)
  • Updated through information uncovered by Stephen Pinel during research for the 2013 Atlas -- Now known to be E. & G.G. Hook Opus 26, 1836, built for St. Mark's, Warren, RI. Slightly enlarged by Hook & Hastings, 1875 and relocated to Northfield in 1892. (James Cook. April 25, 2013)
  • Updated through online information from Arthur Featherstonhaugh. (Database Manager. June 6, 2014)
  • Updated through online information from Scot Huntington.
    The new 1976 natural-finish common-metal façade pipes replaced an older set of decorated zinc façade pipes,(likely provided in either 1875 or 1892), which had in turn replaced the original gilded common-metal façade built by Hook. The organ was presented in concert by Lois Regestein during the 2015 Vermont OHS convention.

    Prior to the concert, the "temporary" typewritten stop labels were replaced with stylistic replicas of the originals, hand-engraved on bone. The detailed history of the instrument written by Stephen Pinel for the 2013 Organ Atlas reprinted the original contract, stating the purchase price for Warwick was $1,650 against which $350 was allowed for their old organ taken in trade. The contract further stated an additional unspecified stop was added for $50, perhaps the reed stop on the Great.

    In 1875, E. & G.G. Hook & Hastings replaced the one octave of G-compass pedal pulldowns with a 2-octave C-compass pedalboard with new pipes and action with 16' Bourdon pipes, new Great to Pedal coupler, and the pipes, chest, and action for the two unenclosed Swell bass stops. The Atlas article further quoted the Northfield St. Mary's church records which stated the organ was purchased second-hand and "...put in thorough repair by Geo. S. Hutchings of Boston, of whom we bought it paying $550 & our old organ."

    At the time of the Northfield installation in 1892, Harlan Seaver was the western Massachusetts representative for Hutchings, and installed the organ on their behalf, assisted by George Jeffords of Barre, Vermont. The organ was used the first time on Christmas morning, 1892. (Database Manager. January 7, 2016)

Online Documents

Currently we have no online documents associated with this organ entry. If you can provide us with digital files of contracts, correspondence, dedication programs, or any similar items, please follow this link to our document upload form to send them to us.

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  • [Composite: several authors]. "Vermont?," The Tracker (Vol. 57, No. 1 [Winter 2013], pp. 23-38). [Convention overview, photographs of instruments]

Related Database Entries

As a matter of best practice, we maintain separate entries each time an organ is modified or relocated. Click a link to go to descriptions of other phases in this instrument's life.

Other Websites

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Organ Façade. Photograph by Tim Drewes 1986-03-22
Church interior, organ case. Photograph by Len Levasseur, 2012, for the 2013 OHS Convention

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When they are available, stoplists for organs are included in the Database. To make corrections in stoplists that you see here, please send details via e-mail to rather than submitting a new stoplist through our online form.

  • Stoplist from 2013 OHS Convention research
    Northfield, Vermont
    St. Mary's Episcopal Church
    Organ originally by E. & G.G. Hook, ca. 1835
    Installed here 1892 by Harlan P. Seaver, after C-compass pedal added
    Alterations in 1976 and 1992
    GREAT                                        SWELL   (enclosed from Tenor G)
    Op. Diapason           8'  58 w&m            Op. Diapason TG         8'  35 m             
    Dulciana TG            8'  35 m              Viol di Gamba TG        8'  35 m
    St. Diapason Treble TG 8'  35 m              St. Diapason Treble TG  8'  35 w&m
    St. Diapason Bass      8'  23 w              St. Diapason Bass       8'  23 w
    Principal              4'  58 m              Principal Treble TG     4'  35 m
    Flute CC               4'  54 w&m            Principal Bass          4'  23 m
    Twelfth            2 2/3'  58 m              Hautboy TG              8'  35 m
    Fifteenth              2'  58 m
    Cremona                8'  58 m
                                                 Couple Sw. & Gr. Or.
    Sub Bass              16'  27 w              Couple Pedals & Gr. Or.
                                                 Couple Pedals & Sw. Bass
    Manua1 compass: GGG-f3 58 notes, no GGG#
    Pedal compass:  CCC-D  27 notes
    "Machine stop" pedal to withdraw the Great Principal, Twelfth and Fifteenth
    Hitch-down Swell pedal 
    [Received via e-mail from Marilyn Polson 2012-07-21]
  • Click Here Stoplist from 2013 OHS Convention research Plain text; will open in a new window or tab.