The OHS Pipe Organ Database

Horace Bushnell Congregational / Fourth Congregational / Liberty Christian Center
Vine & Albany
Hartford, Connecticut

OHS Database ID 9259.

See the address on Google Maps.


This organ received OHS Citation number 237, 1998-11-07.

Status and Condition

The organ is in an unaltered state from its installation as described on this page.
The condition of the organ is in not known or has not been reported to the Database.
We received the most recent update on this organ's state and condition March 24, 2009.
If you can assist us with information concerning the current condition of this organ, please use the form accessible through the "Update" button.

Technical Details

Austin Universal Air Chests(©).

Three manuals. 4 divisions. 54 stops. 59 ranks. 3023 pipes. Manual compass is 61 notes. Pedal compass is 32 notes.

The organ is in a case at the front of the room. Traditional style console with roll top. The console is in a fixed position, center.

Stop keys above top manual. Balanced swell shoes/pedals. Concave radiating pedalboard.


  • Status Note: There 1998 (OHS PC Database. October 30, 2004)
  • "Was Horace Bushnell Congregational, later 4th Congregational. Last organ built in the Detroit, MI Clough-Warren shop before a fire. J. T. Austin moved to CT. [Moved into this building in 1913?]" (OHS PC Database. October 30, 2004)
  • Updated through on-line information from Paul Marchesano. (Database Manager. March 24, 2009)

Online Documents

Currently we have no online documents associated with this organ entry. If you can provide us with digital files of contracts, correspondence, dedication programs, or any similar items, please follow this link to our document upload form to send them to us.

If you would like more information about documents included in the Database, please see our Documents Information page.

Other Websites

The database contains no links to external websites that describe this organ. If you know of any sites that contain information about it, please use the Update form to send us the URL.


Currently we have no photographs of this organ in the Database.

If you can provide us with photographs, you may upload them through our online form. For further information please see our expectations for adding photographs.

Your help in enhancing the Database will be greatly appreciated.


Pipe organs in Connecticut sponsored by S.L. Huntington & Co.


When they are available, stoplists for organs are included in the Database. To make corrections in stoplists that you see here, please send details via e-mail to rather than submitting a new stoplist through our online form.

  • Typed stoplist form the OHS PC Database
    Hartford, Connecticut
    Horace Bushnell Congregational (by 1998 Liberty Christian Center)
    1898 Austin, Op. 22
    (Stoplist: Stephen Roberts-1998 specification)
    GREAT ORGAN (Unenclosed)
    Double Open Diapason 16
    First Open Diapason 8
    Second Open Diapason 8
    Gross Flute 8
    Octave 4
    Octave Quint 2-2/3
    Super Octave 2
    Mixture IV-V
    (Enclosed with Choir)
    Viola da Gamba 8
    Gemshorn 8
    Flute Harmonique 4
    Trumpet 8
    Clarion 4
    Bourdon 16
    Open Diapason 8
    Stopped Diapason 8
    Viole d'Orchestre 8
    Salicional 8
    Vox Celestis 8
    Flauto Traverso 4
    Fugara 4
    Flautino 2
    Dolce Cornet III-V
    Contra Fagotto 16
    Cornopean 8
    Oboe 8
    Contra Gamba 16
    Geigen Principal 8
    Concert Flute 8
    Dolcissimo 8
    Unda Maris 8
    Quintadena 8
    Spitzflo"te 4
    Violina 4
    Dolce Celeste 4
    Piccolo Harmonique 2
    Clarinet 8
    Regal 4
    Contra Bourdon 32
    Open Diapason 16
    Violone 16
    Dulciana 16
    Bourdon 16
    Quint 10-2/3
    Violoncello 8
    Flote 8 (sic)
    Trombone 16
    Fagotto 16
    Tromba 8
    The wind pressure of the unenclosed portion of the Great is 3 1/4";  the reeds are on higher 
    pressure, something a little more than 5"
    All manual stops are 61 notes, and pedal stops are all straight, 32 note ranks.  A few ranks in the 
    Choir organ were in the original Echo organ of the 1898 installation. A few other ranks, notably 
    the Oboe in the Swell, are later replacements. 
    This instrument represents the full realization of John T. Austin's mechanical innovations in organ 
    design, and it also contained some stops by the great European builders, Cavaillé-Coll (the Swell 
    Oboe, now replaced, alas); Walcker (the Great Viola); and T.C. Lewis (the Echo Vox humana, now 
    [1998] silent, along with the rest of the Echo division).  In addition, most of the other flue 
    voicing on the organ was done by the distinguished late 19th century voicer and organ builder, 
    Philip Wirsching, as Dr. Ochse pointed out to us.  The mechanism of the organ had been built to 
    Austin's design by the firm of Clough and Warren in Detroit. This organ featured several Austin 
    firsts: The use of two wind pressures, adjustable combination pistons, three enclosed divisions, 
    with three expression pedals, and a Sforzando pedal."  The organ always had electric action from 
    the very beginning.
  • Click Here Typed stoplist form the OHS PC Database Plain text; will open in a new window or tab.
  • Centennial Celebration Program, with history, photographs and stoplist PDF document; -- will open in a new window or tab.