Multiple Builders

Originally John Hayes Hammond, Jr.

Location:

Residence: John Hays Hammond, Jr. (Castle)
80 Hesperus Ave
Gloucester, MA 01930 US
Organ ID: 27156

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Status and Condition:

  • This instrument's location type is: Private Residences
  • The organ has been altered from its original state.
  • The organ's condition is not playable.
We received the most recent update for this instrument's status from John Roper on October 11, 2022.

Technical Details:

  • Chests: Electro-pneumatic (EP), EP ventil
  • 137 ranks. 8,373 pipes. 8 divisions. 4 manuals. 110 stops.
Great:
  • Chest Type(s): Electro-pneumatic (EP) chests
  • Position: In side chambers at the front of the room. No visible pipes.
  • Built by Multiple Builders
We received the most recent update for this division from John Roper on October 11, 2022.

Solo:
  • Chest Type(s): Electro-pneumatic (EP) chests
  • Position: In side chambers at the front of the room. No visible pipes.
  • Built by Multiple Builders
We received the most recent update for this division from John Roper on October 11, 2022.

Choir:
  • Chest Type(s): Electro-pneumatic (EP) chests
  • Position: In side chambers at the front of the room. No visible pipes.
  • Built by Multiple Builders
We received the most recent update for this division from John Roper on October 11, 2022.

Swell:
  • Chest Type(s): Electro-pneumatic (EP) chests
  • Position: In side chambers at the front of the room. No visible pipes.
  • Built by Multiple Builders
We received the most recent update for this division from John Roper on October 11, 2022.

Reed Chorus:
  • Chest Type(s): Electro-pneumatic (EP) chests
  • Position: In side chambers at the front of the room. No visible pipes.
  • Built by Multiple Builders
We received the most recent update for this division from John Roper on October 11, 2022.

Baroque:
  • Chest Type(s): EP ventil chests
  • Position: Exposed pipes or case front visible in a gallery at the rear of the room.
  • Built by The Aeolian Co.
We received the most recent update for this division from John Roper on October 11, 2022.

Positive:
  • Chest Type(s): EP ventil chests
  • Position: Exposed pipes or case front visible in a gallery at the rear of the room.
  • Built by Multiple Builders
We received the most recent update for this division from John Roper on October 11, 2022.

Pedal:
  • Chest Type(s): EP ventil chests
  • Position: In center chambers at the front of the room. No visible pipes.
  • Built by Multiple Builders
We received the most recent update for this division from John Roper on October 11, 2022.
Main:
  • Built by E.M. Skinner Co., Inc.
  • Manuals: 4
  • Divisions: 8
  • Stops: 110
  • Position: Movable console.
  • Manual Compass: 61
  • Pedal Compass: 32
  • Key Action: Electrical connection from key to chest.
  • Stop Action: Electric connection between stop control and chest.
  • Console Style: Traditional style without cover.
  • Stop Controls: Stop keys on angled jambs.
  • Combination Action: Computerized/Digital system.
  • Combination Action Name: SSL
  • Swell Control Type: Balanced swell shoes/pedals, AGO standard placement.
  • Pedalboard Type: Concave radiating pedalboard meeting AGO Standards.
  • Has Crescendo Pedal
  • Has Tutti Reversible Thumb Pistons
  • Has Tutti Reversible Toe Pistons
  • Has Combination Action Thumb Pistons
  • Has Combination Action Toe Pistons
  • Has Coupler Reversible Thumb Pistons
  • Has Coupler Reversible Toe Pistons
We received the most recent update for this console from John Roper on October 11, 2022.
John Roper on October 29, 2022:

Incomplete timeline of construction: 1929 - Castle completed during the summer 1939 - Organ balcony added, console installed in the balcony 1939-1941 - Great moved to new chamber, Reed Chorus installed in old Great chamber June/July 1941 - Aeolian-Skinner provided Mixtures and 8’ Metal Bourdon for Great 1942 - E.M. Skinner Solo added May 1944 - Aeolian-Skinner and Aeolian pipework added to gallery forming Baroque division Late 1974/Early 1975 - 4-manual Console modified and moved to the floor for Virgil 1984-1986 - New 4-manual console built by Kim Bolten under the E.M. Skinner name

In addition, there were a number of additions and swappings of ranks through the years.

We received the most recent update for this note from John Roper on October 29, 2022.

Peter Rudewicz on May 15, 2022:

An enormous amalgamation of recycled and new material by a plethora of builders including Welte-Mignon, The Aeolian-Skinner Organ Company, E.M. Skinner & Son, Hook & Hastings, The Aeolian Company, Dennison Organ Pipe Co., and a host of others.

In 1941, Welte-Mignon Op. 253 (St. Andrew's Methodist, NYC) was installed alongside the existing Great division pipework. Aeolian-Skinner was contracted to provide three mixtures and an 8' Bourdon for the Great in the summer of 1941 (Opus 1028). These new pipes were fitted to existing chestwork, which were shipped back to the Aeolian-Skinner factory for modification. Work was completed at a cost of $1300.00.

At what was virtually the same time, E.M. Skinner & Son was engaged to provide a sizable Solo department (E.M. Skinner & Son Op. 538). Hammond would again engage Aeolian-Skinner in the summer of 1944 to provide a new VI Cornet. These pipes were racked onto existing Aeolian Co. chests already in Hammond's possesion, and installed in the rear gallery of the castle. Hammond had conceived of this as a single stop, with each rank afforded its own dynamic expression by what was apparently a very complciated mechanism. No trace of this mechanism remains today.

The apparent remains of Aeolian Op. 1539 are jumbled into the mix, with the entirety of the "Baroque" organ being comprised of what is seemingly Op. 1539's Swell department. How Hammond came to possess some or all of Op. 1539 remains unclear, and requires further investigation.

Various changes have been made to the organ over the decades, and it is unclear when or who made these changes. The Solo Heckelophone is no more, having been replaced by a Wurlitzer Vox Humana. Likewise, a deicdedly non-Aeolian Trumpet now resides in the Baroque organ, presumably having replaced the original Aeolian pipes.

We received the most recent update for this note from John Roper on July 27, 2022.

John Roper on February 22, 2022:

Organ technicians have included - Tolbert Cheek Morel and Co (including Richard Nickerson) Roy Carlson Kim Bolton Richard Houghton (for SSL)

We received the most recent update for this note from John Roper on February 22, 2022.

John Roper on February 21, 2022:

Baroque and pedal divisons (on floor behind console) are from Aeolian Op. 1539 (1925, Gladstone NJ). The Baroque division is the original Swell division from 1539.

Positiv division (in the gallery) has pipework by G. Donald Harrison, but it is placed on Aeolian chests that use an Aeolian regulator and tremulant (probably Op. 1539).

Great main pipework is Welte, Great mixtures are G. Donald Harrison. Great main chests are Welte, mixture chest is Skinner double-primary.

There have been (at least) (2) 4-manual consoles for the instrument: 1. Austin with a roll player located in the gallery. 2. Austin from gallery modified and moved to floor for Virgil Fox. 3. Kim Bolton console built in 1986 with SSL system.

The original console is extant in the castle (stored in pieces) but the keyboards and console top are missing.

We received the most recent update for this note from John Roper on October 29, 2022.

John Roper on January 13, 2022:

The Great, Swell, Choir, Solo, and Reed Chorus divisions are located in the ceiling on either side of the great hall. The ceiling is made out of an acoustically transparent fabric. The Positive division is located in the gallery at one end of the great hall. The Baroque and Pedal divisons are located slightly recessed into the floor under the balcony behind the console.

There are two blowers: - Spencer Turbine 6" output with a 15hp Woods motor - Spencer Turbine 15" output with a 3hp Westinghouse motor

We received the most recent update for this note from John Roper on January 13, 2022.

John Roper on July 04, 2021:

The Fox Horn was named for Virgil Fox as a joke. The positiv was added by G. Donard Harrison. 19 stop Solo division added by Ernest M. Skinner & Son in 1941.

We received the most recent update for this note from John Roper on April 21, 2022.

John Roper on February 12, 2021:

First 4 manual console was built by Austin with a mechanical combination action. Modified with new case and moved down to the floor in 1957. New 4-manual console built in 1985 by Kim Bolton (then operating under the E.M. Skinner Company name) using a SSL relay.

We received the most recent update for this note from John Roper on October 06, 2022.

Database Manager on August 27, 2012:

Updated through online information from Peter Rudewicz. Original console specification: - 15 Generals and cancel - 8 Solo and cancel - 5 Baroque under Solo keys - 8 Swell and cancel -3 Baroque under Swell keys - 8 Great and cancel - 3 Baroque under Great keys - 8 Choir and cancel - 3 Baroque under Choir keys - 4 Pedal-toe studs - Also affect Pedal stops - Great to Pedal 8 reversible toe stud - Swell to Pedal 8 reversible toe stud - Sforzando reversible toe stud - Balanced Expression Pedals (Solo, Reed Chorus, Great, Choir, Master Swell, Crescendo) - 2 Spencer Turbine Orgoblo - 1- 15 H.P. Wind pressure 6" - 1-3 H.P. Wind pressure 20" - Electric Specialty generator (10 volts, 50 amperes)

We received the most recent update for this note from John Roper on January 13, 2022.
1985 Kim Bolton Console Stoplist: Open In New Tab Taken from stoptabs
We received the most recent update for this stoplist from John Roper on October 05, 2022.

Virgil Fox Console (2nd built for the instrument) Stoplist: Open In New Tab Taken from stoptabs
We received the most recent update for this stoplist from John Roper on June 11, 2022.

Specification: Open In New Tab Taken from inspection of pipework. Originally published 6/4/22
We received the most recent update for this stoplist from John Roper on September 19, 2022.
The Hammond Museum: Open In New Tab TAO January 2004 article about the instrument
Document created on 2004-01-01
We received the most recent update for this document from John Roper on February 10, 2022.

Write-up from THE DIAPASON April1 942: Open In New Tab Stoplist and description
We received the most recent update for this document from Jeff Scofield on May 08, 2022.

Factory Correspondence & Shop Notes: Open In New Tab Letters from G. Donald Harrison regarding the Æolian-Skinner additions to the organ, as well as pipe shop notes.
Document created on 1941-06-10
We received the most recent update for this document from Peter Rudewicz on July 12, 2022.

Instrument Images:

Console and Facade: Photograph by Sam Cherubin. Taken on 2016-07-02

Rose Window and Pipe Display: Photograph by Sam Cherubin. Taken on 2016-07-06

Console: Photograph by Sam Cherubin. Taken on 2016-07-02

Console - Right Stop Jamb: Photograph by Sam Cherubin. Taken on 2016-07-02

Console - Left Stop Jamb: Photograph by Sam Cherubin. Taken on 2016-07-02

John Hays Hammond, Jr. inspecting the pipes of the Great Division: Photograph from an archival source: From "The Hammond Museum" Booklet, submitted by Solomon Wickline. Taken on 1976-01-01

Console: Photograph by John Roper. Taken on 2021-09-11

Pedalboard and swell pedals: Photograph by John Roper. Taken on 2021-09-11

Builder's nameplate: Photograph by John Roper. Taken on 2021-09-11

Wide shot of the great hall showing Virgil fox at the console: Photograph from an archival source: Virgil Fox Legacy, submitted by John Roper. Taken approx. 1975

Balcony that holds the positiv division: Photograph by John Roper. Taken on 2021-10-30

Old console: Photograph by Unknown, submitted by John Roper. Taken approx. Unknown

Old console: Photograph by Unknown, submitted by John Roper. Taken approx. Unknown

Facade: Photograph by Robert Stamm, submitted by John Roper. Taken on 2022-09-15

Console on the floor: Photograph by Robert Stamm, submitted by John Roper. Taken on 2022-09-15

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