Pipe Organ Database

a project of the organ historical society

Austin Organ Co. (Opus 22, 1898)

Location:

Horace Bushnell Congregational / Fourth Congregational / Liberty Christian Center International
23 Vine Street
Hartford, CT 06112 US
Organ ID: 9259

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Status and Condition:

  • This instrument's location type is: Disciples of Christ / Christian Church
  • The organ has been altered from its original state.
  • The organ's condition is unknown.
We received the most recent update for this instrument's status from Paul R. Marchesano on March 05, 2021.

Technical Details:

  • Chests: Austin Universal Air
  • 59 ranks. 3,023 pipes. 4 divisions. 3 manuals. 54 stops.
All:
  • Chest Type(s): Austin Universal Air chests
  • Position: In a case at the front of the room.
  • Built by Austin Organ Co.
We received the most recent update for this division from Paul R. Marchesano on March 05, 2021.
Main:
  • Built by Austin Organ Co.
  • Manuals: 3
  • Divisions: 4
  • Stops: 54
  • Position: Console in fixed position, center.
  • Manual Compass: 61
  • Pedal Compass: 32
  • Key Action: Electrical connection from key to chest.
  • Stop Action: Electric connection between stop control and chest.
  • Console Style: Traditional style with roll top.
  • Stop Controls: Stop keys above top manual.
  • Combination Action: 'Hold and Set' pneumatic/mechanical system.
  • Combination Action Name: Austin mechanical
  • Swell Control Type: Balanced swell shoes/pedals.
  • Pedalboard Type: Concave radiating pedalboard.
  • Has Crescendo Pedal
  • Has Tutti Reversible Thumb Pistons
  • Has Tutti Reversible Toe Pistons
  • Has Combination Action Thumb Pistons
  • Has Combination Action Toe Pistons
We received the most recent update for this console from Paul R. Marchesano on March 05, 2021.
Paul R. Marchesano on March 05, 2021:

"Austin Organ Company Opus 22 was built with John Turnell Austin's Universal Airchest System by the firm of Clough and Warren of Detroit, Michigan in 1898. The design of Opus 22 was a radical departure from the norm for any organ builder of that day as well as a major tuning point for John Turnell Austin. It was this installation that landed John T. Austin to Hartford.

This organ featured several Austin firsts: The use of two wind pressures, adjustable combination pistons, three enclosed divisions, with three expression pedals, and a Sforzando pedal. In 1913, the organ was moved with the congregation to the present building.

The organ has had some changes over the century. The Echo was not reconnected in 1913 at the time of the move. At one point, an unknown party replaced many of the original Choir ranks with ranks from the Echo division. Alterations notwithstanding, the organ retains most of its original character." -- From "A Centennial Celebration" program, celebrating the organ's centennial and presentation with OHS Historic Organ Citation No. 237, November 7, 1998.

We received the most recent update for this note from Paul R. Marchesano on March 05, 2021.

Database Manager on May 07, 2018:
We received the most recent update for this note from Database Manager on May 13, 2018.

Database Manager on March 24, 2009:

Updated through on-line information from Paul Marchesano.

We received the most recent update for this note from Database Manager on April 09, 2020.

Database Manager on October 30, 2004:

Status Note: There 1998

We received the most recent update for this note from Database Manager on April 09, 2020.

Database Manager on October 30, 2004:

"Was Horace Bushnell Congregational, later 4th Congregational. Last organ built in the Detroit, MI Clough-Warren shop before a fire. J. T. Austin moved to CT. [Moved into this building in 1913?]"

We received the most recent update for this note from Database Manager on April 09, 2020.
Source not recorded: Open In New Tab Typed stoplist form the OHS PC Database
We received the most recent update for this stoplist from Database Manager on April 09, 2020.

Source not recorded: Open In New Tab Centennial Celebration Program, with history, photographs and stoplist
We received the most recent update for this stoplist from Database Manager on April 09, 2020.

Centennial celebration program: Open In New Tab
We received the most recent update for this stoplist from Paul R. Marchesano on March 05, 2021.
A Centennial Celebration: Open In New Tab Centennial concert program with specification and brief history of the organ.
Document created on 1998-11-07
We received the most recent update for this document from Paul R. Marchesano on March 05, 2021.

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